Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of malachite green adsorption using activated carbon prepared from desert date seed shell

  • Umar Yunusa Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B.3011, BUK, Kano-Nigeria
  • Usman Bishir Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B.3011, BUK, Kano-Nigeria
  • Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B.3011, BUK, Kano-Nigeria
Keywords: Adsorption, Activated Carbon, Malachite Green, Kinetic, Thermodynamic

Abstract


The negative effect of high concentration of dyes in the aquatic environment on humans and aquatic plants prompted this research. The adsorption of hazardous malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution using activated carbon (DDAC) derived desert date seed shell was examined. Batch equilibrium technique was employed to study the effect of contact time (5-120 min), initial concentration (20-100 mg dm-3) and temperature (303-333 K) on the adsorption capacity of the prepared adsorbent. Experimental data were analyzed using five kinetic models: pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Elovich, intraparticle diffusion and Boyd models and it was found that the pseudo-second-order model fitted the adsorption data most with the highest correlation (R2 = 0.9999). The overall adsorption process appears to be jointly controlled by intraparticle diffusion and film diffusion mechanisms. Studies of thermodynamic behavior revealed a negative value for ∆G (-11.45 to 13.42 kJ mol-1), and a positive value for ∆H (8.39 kJ mol-1) and ∆S (0.065 kJ mol-1 K-1). These indicated the feasibility, endothermicity and spontaneity of the removal process. The results demonstrated that the adsorbent could be exploited in the removal of MG from aqueous solution.

DOI

Cite as:

Yunusa, U.,Usman, B., Ibrahim M. B. (2020). Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies of Malachite Green Adsorption Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Desert Date Seed Shell. Algerian Journal of Engineering and Technology. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3659293

References

  1. Azaman, S.A.H., Afandi, A., Hameed, B.H. and Mohd Din A.T. (2018). Removal of Malachite Green from Aqueous Phase Using Coconut Shell Activated Carbon: Adsorption, Desorption, and Reusability Studies. Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 21(3):317-330.
  2. Chowdhury, S., Mishra, R., Saha, P. and Kushwaha, P. (2011). Adsorption Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Isosteric Heat of Adsorption of Malachite Green onto Chemically Modified Rice Husk. Desalination, 265 (1): 159-168
  3. Ogugbue C.J. and Sawidis T. (2011). Bioremediation and Detoxification of Synthetic Wastewater Containing Triarylmethane Dyes by Aeromonas hydrophila Isolated from Industrial Effluent. Biotechnology Resource International, Article 967925:1-11.
  4. Chan, L.S., Cheung, W.H., Allen, S.J. and McKay, G. (2017). Equilibrium Adsorption Isotherm Study of Binary Dyes onto Bamboo Derived Activated Carbon. HKIE Transactions, 24(4):182-192.
  5. Banerjee, S., Sharma, G.C., Gautam, R.K., Chattopadhyaya, M.C., Upadhyay, S.N. and Sharma, Y.C. (2016). Removal of Malachite Green, a Hazardous Dye from Aqueous Solutions Using Avena sativa (Oat) Hull as a Potential Adsorbent. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 213:162–
  6. Raval, N.P., Shah, P.U. and Shah, N.K. (2017). Malachite Green ‘ a Cationic Dye’ and its Removal from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption. Applied Water Science, 7:3407-3445.
  7. Tan, K.B., Vakili, M., Horris, B.A., Poh, P.E., Abdullah, A.Z. and Salamatinia, B. (2015). Adsorption of Dyes by Nanomaterials: Recent Developments and Adsorption Mechanisms. Separation Purification Technology, 150:242-292.
  8. Tongpoothorn, W., Somsimee, O., Somboon, T. and Sriuttha, M. (2019). An Alternative and Cost-Effective Biosorbent Derived from Napier Grass Stem for Malachite Green Removal. Journal of Materials and Environmental Sciences, 10(8):685-695.
  9. Lee, S., Park, J., Kim, S., Kang, S., Cho, J., Jeon, J., Lee, Y., and Seo, D. (2019). Sorption Behavior of Malachite Green onto Pristine Lignin to Evaluate the Possibility as a Dye Adsorbent by Lignin. Applied Biological Chemistry, 62(37):1-10.
  10. Reis, H.C.O., Cossolin, A.S., Santos, B.A.P.,  Castro, K.C.,  Pereira, G.M.,  Silva, V.C.,  Sousa, P.T.,  Dall’Oglio, E.L., Vasconcelos, L.G. and Morais E.B. (2018). Malt Bagasse Waste as Biosorbent for Malachite Green: An Ecofriendly Approach for Dye Removal from Aqueous Solution. International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 12(4):118-126.
  11. Caponi, N., Collazzo, G.C., Jahn, S.L., Datto, G.L., Mazutti, M.A. and Foletto, E.L. (2017). Use of Brazilian Kaolin as a Potential Low-cost Adsorbent for the Removal of Malachite Green from Colored Effluents. Materials Research, 20(2):14-22.
  12. Rinku, J., Shripal, S. and Hemant, P. (2015). Removal of Malachite Green Dye from Aqueous Solution Using Magnetic Activated Carbon. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 5(12): 38-43.
  13. Bello, O.S. and Ahmad, M.A. (2012). Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Shell Based Activated Carbon for the Removal of Malachite Green Dye from Aqueous Solutions. Separation Science and Technology, 47: 903–912.
  14. Sharma, P., Kaur, H. and Sharma, M. (2011). A Review on Applicability of Naturally Available Adsorbents for the Removal of Hazardous Dyes from Aqueous Waste. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 183(1-4):151-195.
  15. Wang, X., Wang, S., Yin, X., Chen, J. and Zhu, L. (2014). Activated Carbon Preparation from Cassava Residue Using a Two-Step KOH Activation: Preparation, Micropore Structure and Adsorption Capacity. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 8(20):1-8
  16. Hamdaoui, O., Saoudi, F., Chiha, M. and Naffrechoux, E. (2008). Sorption of Malachite Green by a Novel Sorbent, Dead Leaves of Plane Tree: Equilibrium and Kinetic Modeling. Chemical Engineering Journal, 143:73-84.
  17. Yong S.K., Zaid, M.K.Z., Jamion, N.A. and Omar, Q. (2017). Sorption of Malachite Green by Cassava Stem Biochar: Kinetic and Isotherm Studies. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 9(6S):273-287.
  18. Lee, Y.C., Amini, M.H.M., Sulaiman, N.S., Mazlan, M. and Boon, J.G. (2018). Batch Adsorption and Isothermic Studies of Malachite Green Dye Adsorption using Leucaena leucocephala Biomass as Potential Adsorbent in Water Treatment. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 40 (3):563-569.
  19. Santhi, T., Manonmani, S., Vasantha, V.S. and Chang, Y.T. (2016). A New Alternative Adsorbent for the Removal of Cationic Dyes from Aqueous Solution. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 9(S1):S466-S474.
  20. Dahri, M.K., Kooh, M.R.R. and Lim, L.B.L. (2014). Water Remediation Using Low Cost Adsorbent Walnut Shell for Removal of Malachite Green: Equilibrium, Kinetics, Thermodynamic and Regeneration Studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2: 1434–1444.
  21. Chowdhury, S. and Saha, P. (2011). Utilization of a Domestic Waste Eggshells for Removal of Hazardous Malachite Green from Aqueous Solutions. Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 31(3):415-425.
  22. Langergren, S. (1898). About the Theory of so-called Adsorption of Soluble Substances. Band. 24(4): 1-39
  23. Wu, H., Chen, R., Du, H., Zhang, J., Shi, L., Qin, Y., Yue, L. and Wang, J. (2019). Synthesis of Activated Carbon from Peanut Shell as Dye adsorbent for Wastewater Treatment. Adsorption Science and Technology, 37(1-2):34-48.
  24. Ho, Y.S. and McKay, G. (1999). Pseudo-Second-Order Model for Sorption Processes. Process Biochemistry, 34: 451-465.
  25. Oyelude, E.O., Awudza, J.A.M. and Twumasi, S.K. (2018). Removal of Malachite Green from Aqueous Solution Using Pulverized Teak Leaf Litter: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies. Chemistry Central Journal 12(81):2-10.
  26. Mashkoor, F., Nasar, A., Inamuddin and Asiri, A. M. (2018). Exploring the Reusability of Synthetically Contaminated Wastewater Containing Crystal Violet Dye Using Tectona grandis Sawdust as a Very Low-Cost Scientific Reports, 8:8314.
  27. Saechiam, S. and Sripongpun, G. (2019). Adsorption of Malachite Green from Synthetic Wastewater Using Banana Peel Adsorbents. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 41(4):21-29.
  28. Chien, S.H. and Clayton, W.R. (1980). Application of Elovich Equation to the Kinetics of Phosphate Release and Sorption in Soils. Soil Science Society, 44: 265-268.
  29. Weber, W.J. and Morris J.C.J. (1963). Kinetics of Adsorption on Carbon from Solutions. Sanitary Engineering Division ASCE, 89: 31-60.
  30. Ahmad, M.J. and Dhedan, S.K. (2012). Equlibrium Isotherms and Kinetics Modeling of Methylene Blue Adsorption on Agricultural Waste-Activated Carbon. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 317: 9-14.
  31. Gholibatar, S. and Tahermansouri, H. (2017). Kinetic and Multi-Parameter Isotherm Studies of Picric Acid Removal from Aqueous Solution by Carboxylated Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes in the Presence and Absence of Ultrasound. Carbon Letters, 22:14-24.
  32. Reichenberg, D. (1953). Properties of Ion Exchange Resins in Relation to their Structure. Part III: Kinetics of Exchange. Journal of American Chemical Society, 75:589-598.
  33. Ahmad, M.A., Ahmad, N. and Bello, O.S. (2014). Adsorptive Removal of Malachite Green Dye Using Durian Seed-Based Activated Carbon. Water Air Soil Pollution, 225:1-18.
  34. Ma, J., Yu, F., Zhou, L., Jin, L., Yang, M., Luan, J., Tang, Y., Fan, H., Yuan, Z. and Chen, J. (2012). Enhanced Adsorptive Removal of Methyl Orange and Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Alkali-activated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes. Applied Materials and Interfaces, 4:5749-5760.
  35. Laabd, M., Chafai, H., Essekri, A., Elamine, M., Al-muhtaseb, S.A., Lakhmiri, R., and Albourine, A. (2017). Single and Multi-component Adsorption of Aromatic Acids Using an Eco-friendly Polyaniline-based Biocomposite. Sustainable Materials and Technologies, 12:35-43.
  36. Rai, M.K., Giri, B.S., Nath Y., Bajaj, H., Soni, R.P., Singh, R.S. and Rai., B.N. (2018). Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon Prepared from Almond Shell: Kinetics, Equilibrium and Thermodynamics Study. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology, 67(8):724-737.
Published
2020-02-08
Section
Articles