Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of malachite green adsorption using activated carbon prepared from desert date seed shell

  • Umar Yunusa Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B.3011, BUK, Kano-Nigeria
  • Usman Bishir Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B.3011, BUK, Kano-Nigeria
  • Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B.3011, BUK, Kano-Nigeria
Keywords: Adsorption, Activated Carbon, Malachite Green, Kinetic, Thermodynamic

Abstract

The negative effect of high concentration of dyes in the aquatic environment on humans and aquatic plants prompted this research. The adsorption of hazardous malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution using activated carbon derived from desert date seed shell (DDAC) was examined. Batch equilibrium technique was employed to study the effect of contact time (5-120 min), initial concentration (20-100 mg dm-3) and temperature (303.15-333.15 K) on the adsorption capacity of the prepared adsorbent. Experimental data were analyzed using five kinetic models: pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Elovich, intraparticle diffusion and Boyd models and it was found that the pseudo-second-order model fitted the adsorption data most with the highest correlation (R2 = 0.9999). The overall adsorption process appears to be jointly controlled by intraparticle diffusion and film diffusion mechanisms. Studies of thermodynamic behavior revealed negative values for ∆G (-11.45 to -13.42 kJ mol-1), and a positive value for ∆H (8.39 kJ mol-1) and ∆S (0.065 kJ mol-1 K-1). These indicated the feasibility, endothermicity and spontaneity of the removal process. The results demonstrated that the adsorbent could be exploited in the removal of MG from aqueous solution.

DOI

Cite as: Yunusa U,Usman B, Ibrahim MB. Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of malachite green adsorption using activated carbon prepared from desert date seed shell. Alg. J. Eng. Tech. 2020; 2: 037-045. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3945333

References

  1. Azaman SH, Afandi A, Hameed BH, Mohd Din AT. Removal of malachite green from aqueous phase using coconut shell activated carbon: Adsorption, desorption, and reusability studies. Journal of Applied Science and Engineering. 2018 ;21(3):317-330.
  2. Chowdhury S, Mishra R, Saha P, Kushwaha P. Adsorption thermodynamics, kinetics and isosteric heat of adsorption of malachite green onto chemically modified rice husk. Desalination. 2011;265(1-3):159-168.
  3. Ogugbue CJ, Sawidis T. Bioremediation and detoxification of synthetic wastewater containing triarylmethane dyes by Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from industrial effluent. Biotechnology research international. 2011;2011.
  4. Chan LS, Cheung WH, Allen SJ, McKay GJ. Equilibrium adsorption isotherm study of binary basic dyes on to bamboo derived activated carbon. HKIE transactions. 2017;24(4):182-192.
  5. Banerjee S, Sharma GC, Gautam RK, Chattopadhyaya MC, Upadhyay SN, Sharma YC. Removal of Malachite Green, a hazardous dye from aqueous solutions using Avena sativa (oat) hull as a potential adsorbent. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 2016;213:162-172.
  6. Raval NP, Shah PU, Shah NK. Malachite green “a cationic dye” and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption. Applied Water Science. 2017;7(7):3407-3445.
  7. Tan KB, Vakili M, Horri BA, Poh PE, Abdullah AZ, Salamatinia B. Adsorption of dyes by nanomaterials: recent developments and adsorption mechanisms. Separation and Purification Technology. 2015;150:229-242.
  8. Tongpoothorn W, Somsimee O, Somboon T, Sriuttha M. An alternative and cost-effective biosorbent derived from napier grass stem for malachite green removal. Journal of Materials and Environmental Sciences. 2019;10(8):685-695.
  9. Lee SL, Park JH, Kim SH, Kang SW, Cho JS, Jeon JR, Lee YB, Seo DC. Sorption behavior of malachite green onto pristine lignin to evaluate the possibility as a dye adsorbent by lignin. Applied Biological Chemistry. 2019;62(1):37.
  10. Reis HC, Cossolin AS, Santos BA, Castro KC, Pereira GM, Silva VC, Sousa PT, Dall’Oglio EL, Vasconcelos LG, Morais EB. Malt Bagasse Waste as Biosorbent for Malachite Green: An Ecofriendly Approach for Dye Removal from Aqueous Solution. International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 2018;12(4):118-126.
  11. Caponi N, Collazzo GC, Jahn SL, Dotto GL, Mazutti MA, Foletto EL. Use of Brazilian kaolin as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of malachite green from colored effluents. Materials Research. 2017;20:14-22.
  12. Rinku J, Shripal S, Hemant P. Removal of Malachite Green Dye from Aqueous Solution Using Magnetic Activated Carbon. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences. 2015;5(12): 38-43.
  13. Bello OS, Ahmad MA. Coconut (Cocos nucifera) shell based activated carbon for the removal of malachite green dye from aqueous solutions. Separation Science and Technology. 2012;47(6):903-912.
  14. Sharma P, Kaur H, Sharma M, Sahore V. A review on applicability of naturally available adsorbents for the removal of hazardous dyes from aqueous waste. Environmental monitoring and assessment. 2011;183(1-4):151-195.
  15. Wang X, Wang S, Yin X, Chen J, Zhu L. Activated Carbon Preparation from Cassava Residue Using a Two-Step KOH Activation: Preparation, Micropore Structure and Adsorption Capacity. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 2014;8(1):35-42.
  16. Hamdaoui O, Saoudi F, Chiha M, Naffrechoux E. Sorption of malachite green by a novel sorbent, dead leaves of plane tree: Equilibrium and kinetic modeling. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2008;143(1-3):73-84.
  17. Zaid MK, Jamion NA, Omar Q, Yong SK. Sorption of malachite green (MG) by cassava stem biochar (CSB) kinetic and isotherm studies. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences. 2017;9(6S):273-287.
  18. Lee YC, Amini MH, Sulaiman NS, Mazlan M, Boon JG. Batch adsorption and isothermic studies of malachite green dye adsorption using Leucaena leucocephala biomass as potential adsorbent in water treatment. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology. 2018;40(3):563-569.
  19. Santhi T, Manonmani S, Vasantha VS, Chang YT. A new alternative adsorbent for the removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution. Arabian journal of chemistry. 2016;9:S466-S474.
  20. Dahri MK, Kooh MR, Lim LB. Water remediation using low cost adsorbent walnut shell for removal of malachite green: equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamic and regeneration studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2014;2(3):1434-44.
  21. Chowdhury S, Das P. Utilization of a domestic waste—eggshells for removal of hazardous malachite green from aqueous solutions. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy. 2012;31(3):415-25.
  22. Lagergren SK. About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Sven. Handingarl. 1898;24:1-39.
  23. Wu H, Chen R, Du H, Zhang J, Shi L, Qin Y, Yue L, Wang J. Synthesis of activated carbon from peanut shell as dye adsorbents for wastewater treatment. Adsorption Science & Technology. 2019;37(1-2):34-48.
  24. Ho YS, McKay G. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process biochemistry. 1999;34(5):451-365.
  25. Oyelude EO, Awudza JA, Twumasi SK. Removal of malachite green from aqueous solution using pulverized teak leaf litter: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Chemistry Central Journal. 2018;12(1):1-10.
  26. Mashkoor F, Nasar A, Asiri AM. Exploring the reusability of synthetically contaminated wastewater containing crystal violet dye using Tectona grandis sawdust as a very low-cost adsorbent. Scientific reports. 2018;8(1):1-6.
  27. Saechiam S, Sripongpun G. Adsorption of malachite green from synthetic wastewater using banana peel adsorbents. Songklanakarin Journal of Science & Technology. 2019;41(4):21-29.
  28. Chien SH, Clayton WR. Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 1980;44(2):265-268.
  29. Weber WJ, Morris JC. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. Journal of the sanitary engineering division. 1963;89(2):31-60.
  30. Ahmed MJ, Dhedan SK. Equilibrium isotherms and kinetics modeling of methylene blue adsorption on agricultural wastes-based activated carbons. Fluid Phase Equilibria. 2012;317:9-14.
  31. Gholitabar S, Tahermansouri H. Kinetic and multi-parameter isotherm studies of picric acid removal from aqueous solutions by carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the presence and absence of ultrasound. Carbon Lett. 2017;22:14-24.
  32. Reichenberg D. Properties of Ion Exchange Resins in Relation to their Structure. Part III: Kinetics of Exchange. Journal of American Chemical Society. 75:589-598.
  33. Ahmad MA, Ahmad N, Bello OS. Adsorptive removal of malachite green dye using durian seed-based activated carbon. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 2014;225(8):1-18.
  34. Ma J, Yu F, Zhou L, Jin L, Yang M, Luan J, Tang Y, Fan H, Yuan Z, Chen J. Enhanced adsorptive removal of methyl orange and methylene blue from aqueous solution by alkali-activated multiwalled carbon nanotubes. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2012;4(11):5749-5760.
  35. Laabd M, Chafai H, Essekri A, Elamine M, Al-Muhtaseb SA, Lakhmiri R, Albourine A. Single and multi-component adsorption of aromatic acids using an eco-friendly polyaniline-based biocomposite. Sustainable materials and technologies. 2017;12:35-43.
  36. Rai MK, Giri BS, Nath Y, Bajaj H, Soni S, Singh RP, Singh RS, Rai BN. Adsorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from almond shell: kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics study. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua. 2018;67(8):724-737.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2020-06-28
How to Cite
Yunusa, U., Bishir , U., & Ibrahim, M. B. (2020). Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of malachite green adsorption using activated carbon prepared from desert date seed shell. Algerian Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2, 037-045. Retrieved from http://jetjournal.org/index.php/ajet/article/view/28