A conceptual framework for assessing the impact of human behaviour on water resource systems performance
The persistent poor performance of water resource systems (WRS) has been reportedly linked to not only climate change and dilapidated water infrastructures but also human unlawful activities. Some of these unlawful activities include unauthorized water abstractions, wastage, excessive losses, discharging untreated wastewater, over‐application of chemicals and fraudulent incidences. Despite advances in WRS planning and operational analysis, incorporating such undesirable activities to quantitatively assess their impact on WRS performance remain elusive. This study was then inspired by the need to develop a methodological framework for WRS performance assessment that integrated human impacts with WRS analysis tasks. A conceptual framework for assessing the impact of human behaviour on WRS performance using the concept of socio-hydrology is proposed herein. The framework identifies and coupled four major sources of water values (WRS, goals, managers and users) using three activities serving as the missing links between these values (interactions, outcomes and feedbacks). The framework can be used as a database for choosing relevant social and hydrological variables and to understand the inherent relations between the selected variables to study a specific human-water problem in the context of WRS management.
Shanono NJ, Ndiritu J. A conceptual framework for assessing the impact of human behaviour in water resource systems performance. Algerian Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903787
- Odume ON, De Wet C. The role of environmental ethics in social-ecological systems and water resource management. WRC report; 2016. http://www.wrc.org.za/wp-content/uploads/mdocs/2342-1-15.pdf
- Wood J, Antonowicz L. Fighting Corruption in the Education Sector: Methods Tools, and Good Practices. United Nations Development Programme. 2011. https://anti-corruption.org/fighting-corruption-in-the-water-sector-methods-tools-and-good-practices/
- Hermann-friede J, Kropac M, Achermann S, Heeb J, Feuerstein L. Integrity Management Toolbox for Water Service Providers: Manual for Facilitators - Water Integrity Network (WIN). 2014; 56. https://sswm.info/node/12490
- Sivapalan M, Savenije HH, Blöschl G. Socio-hydrology: A new science of people and water. Hydrol. Process. 2012;26(8):1270-1276.
- Muller M. Understanding the origins of Cape Town’s water crisis: By Social Science Research Network (SSRN) in Civil Engineering of June, 2017. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID2995937_code739318.pdf?abstractid=2995937&mirid=1
- IPCA. (Information Portal on Corruption in Africa) Lesotho Highlands Water Project - Information Portal on Corruption in Africa. 2010. https://media.africaportal.org/documents/No-22.-The-Lesotho-Highlands-Water-Project-and-Sustainable-Livelihoods.pdf
- Ginster M, Gouws C, Gouws CM, Maki H, Mathipa R, Motloung S, Nyandoro M, Tempelhoff JW. Views on unlawful water abstractions along the Liebenbergsvlei River, South Africa. TD: The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa. 2010;6(1):1-24.
- Ndiritu J, Odiyo J, Makungo R, Mwaka B, Mthethwa N, Ntuli C, Andanje A. Development of probabilistic operating rules for Hluhluwe Dam, South Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C. 2017;100:343-352.
- DWA. Liability of the Responsible Authority for Changes in Yield Assessment: Development of a Reconciliation Strategy for the Olifants River Water Supply System. 2011. https://docplayer.net/24032509-Development-of-a-reconciliation-strategy-for-the-olifants-river-water-supply-system-wp10197-preliminary-reconciliation-strategy-report.html
- An L. Modeling human decisions in coupled human and natural systems: Review of agent-based models. Ecological Modelling. 2012;229:25-36.
- Karr JR. Defining and measuring river health. Freshwater biology. 1999;41(2):221-34.
- Ostrom E. A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science. 2009;325(5939):419-422.
- Schlüter M, Baeza A, Dressler G, Frank K, Groeneveld J, Jager W, Janssen MA, McAllister RR, Müller B, Orach K, Schwarz N. A framework for mapping and comparing behavioural theories in models of social-ecological systems. Ecological Economics. 2017;131:21-35.
- Khan NA, Ahmed S, Vambol S, Vambol V, Farooqi IH. Field hospital wastewater treatment scenario. Ecological Questions. 2019;30(3):57-69.
- Rogers KH, Luton R. Strategic adaptive management as a framework for implementing integrated water resource management in South Africa. WRC Report No. KV. 2011;245(10).
- Khan NA, Khan SU, Ahmed S, Farooqi IH, Hussain A, Vambol S, Vambol V. Smart ways of hospital wastewater management, regulatory standards and conventional treatment techniques. Smart and Sustainable Built Environment. 2019. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/SASBE-06-2019-0079/full/html
- Wallace JS, Acreman MC, Sullivan CA. The sharing of water between society and ecosystems: from conflict to catchment–based co–management. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 2003;358(1440):2011-2026.
- Liu J, Dietz T, Carpenter SR, Alberti M, Folke C, Moran E, Pell AN, Deadman P, Kratz T, Lubchenco J, Ostrom E. Complexity of coupled human and natural systems. Science. 2007;317(5844):1513-1516.
- Montanari A, Young G, Savenije HH, Hughes D, Wagener T, Ren LL, Koutsoyiannis D, Cudennec C, Toth E, Grimaldi S, Blöschl G. “Panta Rhei—everything flows”: change in hydrology and society—the IAHS scientific decade 2013–2022. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 2013;58(6):1256-1275.
- Sivapalan M, Konar M, Srinivasan V, Chhatre A, Wutich A, Scott CA, Wescoat JL, Rodríguez‐Iturbe I. Socio‐hydrology: Use‐inspired water sustainability science for the Anthropocene. Earth's Future. 2014;2(4):225-230.
- Di Baldassarre G, Viglione A, Carr G, Kuil L, Salinas JL, Blöschl G. Socio-hydrology: conceptualising human-flood interactions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2013;17(8):3295.
- David JY, Sangwan N, Sung K, Chen X, Merwade V. Incorporating institutions and collective action into a sociohydrological model of flood resilience. Water Resources Research. 2017;53(2):1336-1353.
- Elshafei Y, Sivapalan M, Tonts M, Hipsey MR. A prototype framework for models of socio-hydrology: identification of key feedback loops with application to two Australian case-studies. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2014;11(1):629-689.
- Dale A, Ling C, Newman L. Community vitality: The role of community-level resilience adaptation and innovation in sustainable development. Sustainability. 2010;2(1):215-31.
- Van Emmerik TH, Li Z, Sivapalan M, Pande S, Kandasamy J, Savenije HH, Chanan A, Vigneswaran S. Socio-hydrologic modeling to understand and mediate the competition for water between agriculture development and environmental health: Murrumbidgee River basin, Australia. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2014;18, 4239–4259
- Carey M, Baraer M, Mark BG, French A, Bury J, Young KR, McKenzie JM. Toward hydro-social modeling: Merging human variables and the social sciences with climate-glacier runoff models (Santa River, Peru). Journal of Hydrology. 2014;518:60-70.
- Zhou S, Huang Y, Wei Y, Wang G. Socio-hydrological water balance for water allocation between human and environmental purposes in catchments. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences. 2015;19(8).
- Liu D, Tian F, Lin M, Sivapalan M. A conceptual socio-hydrological model of the co-evolution of humans and water: case study of the Tarim River basin, western China. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences. 2015;19(2).
- Kandasamy J, Sounthararajah D, Sivabalan P, Chanan A, Vigneswaran S, Sivapalan M. Socio-hydrologic drivers of the pendulum swing between agricultural development and environmental health: a case study from Murrumbidgee River basin, Australia. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2014;18(3), 1027–1041.
- Srinivasan V, Sanderson M, Garcia M, Konar M, Blöschl G, Sivapalan M. Moving socio-hydrologic modelling forward: unpacking hidden assumptions, values and model structure by engaging with stakeholders: reply to “What is the role of the model in socio-hydrology?”. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 2018;63(9):1444-1446.
- Massuel S, Riaux J, Molle F, Kuper M, Ogilvie A, Collard AL, Leduc C, Barreteau O. Inspiring a broader socio‐hydrological negotiation approach with interdisciplinary field‐based experience. Water Resources Research. 2018;54(4):2510-2522.
- Melsen LA, Vos J, Boelens R. What is the role of the model in socio-hydrology? Discussion of “Prediction in a socio-hydrological world”. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 2018;63(9):1435-1443.
- Kuil L, Carr G, Viglione A, Prskawetz A, Blöschl G. Conceptualizing socio‐hydrological drought processes: The case of the Maya collapse. Water resources research. 2016;52(8):6222-6242.
- Sivapalan M, Blöschl G. The growth of hydrological understanding: Technologies, ideas, and societal needs shape the field. Water Resources Research. 2017;53(10):8137-8146.
- Jr Wescoat JL. Reconstructing the duty of water: a study of emergent norms in socio-hydrology. Water Resources Research. 2013; 54, 1–16.
- Di Baldassarre G, Viglione A, Carr G, Kuil L, Yan K, Brandimarte L, Blöschl G. Debates—Perspectives on socio‐hydrology: Capturing feedbacks between physical and social processes. Water Resources Research. 2015;51(6):4770-4781.
- Fernald A, Guldan S, Boykin K, Cibils A, Gonzales M, Hurd B, Lopez S, Ochoa C, Ortiz M, Rivera J, Rodriguez S. Linked hydrologic and social systems that support resilience of traditional irrigation communities. Hydrology and earth system sciences. 2015;19.
- Fernald A, Tidwell V, Rivera J, Rodríguez S, Guldan S, Steele C, Ochoa C, Hurd B, Ortiz M, Boykin K, Cibils A. Modeling sustainability of water, environment, livelihood, and culture in traditional irrigation communities and their linked watersheds. Sustainability. 2012;4(11):2998-3022.
- Gober P, Wheater HS. Socio-hydrology and the science-policy interface: a case study of the Saskatchewan River basin. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2014;18(4):1413.
- Liu Y, Tian F, Hu H, Sivapalan M. Socio-hydrologic perspectives of the co-evolution of humans and water in the Tarim River Basin, Western China: the Taiji--Tire Model. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences Discussions. 2013;10, 12753-12792.
- Srinivasan V. Reimagining the past–use of counterfactual trajectories in socio-hydrological modelling: the case of Chennai, India. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2015;19(2):785-801.
- Viglione A, Di Baldassarre G, Brandimarte L, Kuil L, Carr G, Salinas JL, Scolobig A, Blöschl G. Insights from socio-hydrology modelling on dealing with flood risk–roles of collective memory, risk-taking attitude and trust. Journal of Hydrology. 2014;518:71-82.
- Brown CM, Lund JR, Cai X, Reed PM, Zagona EA, Ostfeld A, Hall J, Characklis GW, Yu W, Brekke L. The future of water resources systems analysis: Toward a scientific framework for sustainable water management. Water resources research. 2015;51(8):6110-6124.
- Loucks DP, Van Beek E, Stedinger JR, Dijkman JP, Villars MT. Water resources systems planning and management–An introduction to methods, models and applications, Studies and Reports in Hydrology series. 2005 https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000143430
- Agarwal A, delos Angeles MS, Bhatia R, Chéret I, Davila-Poblete S, Falkenmark M, Villarreal FG, Jønch-Clausen T, Kadi MA, Kindler J, Rees J. Integrated water resources management. Global water partnership. 2000; Paper No. 4. https://www.scirp.org/(S(351jmbntvnsjt1aadkposzje))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1320536
- Srinivasan V, Lambin EF, Gorelick SM, Thompson BH, Rozelle S. The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta‐analysis of coupled human‐water studies. Water Resources Research. 2012;48(10).
- Bergström U, Sundblad G, Downie AL, Snickars M, Boström C, Lindegarth M. Evaluating eutrophication management scenarios in the Baltic Sea using species distribution modelling. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2013;50(3):680-690.
- Jaspers FG. Institutional arrangements for integrated river basin management. Water policy. 2003;5(1):77-90.
- Dietrich J. Scaling issues in multi-criteria evaluation of combinations of measures for integrated river basin management. Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences 373 (2016). 2016;373:19-24.
- World Bank. World development report 2015: Mind, society, and behavior. 2015. https://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2015
- Ostrom EE, Dietz TE, Dolšak NE, Stern PC, Stonich SE, Weber EU. The drama of the commons. National Academy Press; 2002. https://www.nap.edu/read/10287/chapter/2
- Treviño LK, Weaver GR, Reynolds SJ. Behavioral ethics in organizations: A review. Journal of management. 2006;32(6):951-990.
- Berkes F, Hughes TP, Steneck RS, Wilson JA, Bellwood DR, Crona B, Folke C, Gunderson LH, Leslie HM, Norberg J, Nyström M. Globalization, roving bandits, and marine resources. Science. 2006; 17;311(5767):1557-1558.
- Rogers P, Bhatia R, Huber A. Water as a social and economic good: How to put the principle into practice. Stockholm: Global Water Partnership; 1998. https://www.ircwash.org/resources/water-social-and-economic-good-how-put-principle-practice
- Monroe KR. Paradigm shift: from rational choice to perspective. International Political Science Review. 2001;22(2):151-172.
- Shanono NJ. Assessing the Impact of Human Behaviour on Reservoir System Performance Using Dynamic Co-evolution - A PhD Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. 2019. http://wiredspace.wits.ac.za/handle/10539/29043
Copyright (c) 2020 Algerian Journal of Engineering and Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.